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1940 Quarter Value: are “P”, “S”, “D” mint mark worth money?

1940 Quarter Value: are “P”, “S”, “D” mint mark worth money?

1940 isn’t a key date for quarters, but as a coin that’s nearing its 100th anniversary, it’s worth keeping an eye on its values. It happens to be one of the coins whose rates are steadily rising, and with Washington’s 300th birthday coming up in 2032, you should probably hold on to any pieces you might still have! So let’s start you off by confirming the 1940 Quarter Value.

1940 Quarter Value Chart

Mint Mark Fine

(F 12)

Extremely Fine

(EF 40)

 Uncirculated (MS 60) Mint State (MS 65) Proof (PR/PF 65)
1940 (P) Quarter Value $6.27 $7.45 $18 $68 $200
1940-S Quarter Value $6.27 $8.40 $26 $75 No S-Proofs
1940-D Quarter Value $9.63 $29 $136 $344 No D-Proofs

History of the 1940 Quarter

George Washington was a military leader, a Founding Father, and the 1st President of the United States. But unlike many prominent figures, he didn’t want to be put on American money. He felt the practice of planting government officials on coins was old-fashioned, imperial, and colonial. That said, he did allegedly donate his silver spoons to the US mint.

Still, Washington was a big believer in democracy, and under this system, the minority will have their say, but the majority will have their way. So 200 years after his birth, George Washington was honored with a position on the Silver Quarter Dollar. The coin was first minted in 1932 and is still used to date. And it’s a popular choice for marking key events.

Apart from Washington himself, the Quarter has been used to celebrate our 50 states and 6 territories, important women in our history, and some of our most beautiful national parks. It has also played a significant role in uplifting minorities and marginalized communities. It’s this coin that featured the first Black, Latinx, LGBT, and Asian American representatives.

Washington was initially meant to grace the Half Dollar, and they only planned to use his face for one year. But they placed him on the Quarter instead, and the coin was so popular that it was never phased out, pun intended. The reverse (tails side) of this coin has changed tons of times over the years, and it continues to do so, but the obverse (heads side) remains.

Curiously, the idea of putting George Washington on hard currency came up in 1924. He had been on the $1 bill since 1869, but the George Washington Bicentennial Commission wanted him on a coin as well. Sadly, the Commission ran out of steam and a revamped team, the George Washington Bicentennial Committee, was formed in 1930 by an Act of Congress.

The Life Mask of George Washington

The reason the coin was only meant to last a year was more practical than anything else. Herbert Hoover, the 31st US President, and a former Secretary of Commerce felt that these commemorative coins were wasteful and that they encouraged counterfeiting. He went so far as to veto the bill, so the GWBC offered to assuage him by only minting it for one year.

Like most sculptures of George Washington, the Quarter was based on the work of Jean-Antoine Houdon. He made a life mask by putting Washington on a table, greasing his face, and topping it with plaster. Houdon placed quills in Washington’s nostrils to let him breathe. Washington lay so still that his 6-year-old adopted grandkid, Nelly, thought he was dead!

Nelly – whose full name was Eleanor Parke Custis – got quite upset until they showed her the quills. For reference, she was the granddaughter of Martha Washington. Her dad was Daniel Parke Custis, Martha’s son by her late husband, John Parke Custis. This story gets told a lot because it explains why the sculpture of Washington was so detailed and life-like.

To avoid the hoarding and counterfeiting that Hoover was worried about, the US Mint repeatedly stated that this wasn’t a commemorative coin. It was intended for everyday use, although it would only be coined for one year. And unlike earlier, more ‘artistic’ coins, it had no spots of high relief so its details were sharp, clear, and well-balanced on the coin surface.

 

Features of the 1940 Quarter

To describe the features of a coin, you need some basic jargon, so let’s learn the lingo. The images on a coin are called devices, the words are called mottos or legends, and the backdrop is the field. The front or heads side is the obverse, and the back or tails side is the reverse.

The thinnest sides are called edges, and they can be smooth/plain or reeded. The raised rims that help the coin retain its shape are called collars, and they’re formed using a three-piece collar mold. The blanks that form the coin are called planchets, punched from metal sheets.

The Obverse of the 1940 Quarter

The Obverse of the 1940 Quarter

Image: ngccoin

The obverse (heads side) of the 1940 Quarter has a portrait of George Washington facing left. It was designed by John Flanagan, so his initials, JF, are at the neckline cut-off. The legend Liberty runs along the top of the coin, above his head. In God We Trust is on the right of the coin, underneath his chin, near his Adam’s apple. The date runs along the bottom of the coin.

The Reverse of the 1940 Quarter

The Reverse of the 1940 Quarter

The reverse (tails side) of the 1940 Quarter bears an eagle with its wings outstretched. It has 13 arrows in its talons, representing the original 13 States of the Union. Two olive branches are linked under the eagle’s feet, and the mint mark is below the spot where they connect.

At the top of the coin, almost grazing the eagle’s wings, is the legend United States of America. Below that, seemingly squishing the eagle’s head, is the motto E Pluribus Unum. The denomination, Quarter Dollar, runs along the lower rim of this closely-cropped coin.

Other Features of the 1940 Quarter

In 1940, the Quarter was 90% silver and 10% copper. It was 24.3mm in diameter and weighed 6.25g. The coin has a reeded edge. The John Flanagan obverse was selected by Andrew W. Mellon, the Secretary of the Treasury. But it was an unusual decision because he didn’t win the Washington Redesign contest. The official winner was Laura Gardin Fraser…

 

1940 Quarter Value Guide

Coins are evaluated based on their mint volumes, condition, and mint marks. And the top coin appraisers are NGC (Numismatic Guaranty Corporation), PCGS (Professional Coin Grading Service), and ANACS (American Numismatic Association Certification Service).

For business strikes aka circulating coins, the coin grades go from Good (G 4) to Mint State (MS 70). Low grades from AG (Almost Good 3) to Poor (P1) are rarely acknowledged. Proof coins are a different category because they’re minted using a slightly different technique.

First, the planchets are tumbled in a drum full of stainless steel balls. This makes them super shiny. They’re then rinsed before they go into the coin press, where they’re struck with proof dies. Dies are pickled in acid to roughen their surface. This makes the device looks frosted.

The field of the die is also polished using horse hair brushes. This gives the coins a mirrored field and a frosted device. Until 1970, the mint would look through the business strike dies and select the sharpest ones for polishing and pickling. They’d use these to press proof coins.

This meant the earliest coins 50 to 100 would have better contrast between the field and the device. These were graded Deep Cameo (DCAM) by PCGS or Ultra Cameo by NGC. The next grade would be Cameo, for strong contrast, while the rest would just be proof coins.

But from 1971, this whole system was computerized, so lasers created the frosted surfaces instead of acid. This way, all proof coins achieved uniform levels of contrast. On the other hand, some business strike coins were still shiny, though the planchets weren’t pre-polished.

NGC grades these shiny non-proof coins as PL for proof-like or DPL for deep-proof-like. In comparison, it grades pre-polished proof coins as PF while PCGS grades them as PR. That’s all about coin condition – now we’ll look at the 1940 Quarter Value based on minting locations.

1940 (P) Quarter Value

In 1940, the Philadelphia Mint made 35,715,246 Quarters without mint marks, including proof coins. In January 2012, a business strike 1940 (P) Quarter graded MS 68 CAC sold for $19,975. Last year, in November 2021, an MS 68 was auctioned for $8,700. But the PCGS price guide positions a current MS 68 Quarter at $9,250 based on recorded sales averages.

1940-D Quarter Value

1940-D Quarter Value

The Denver Mint made 2,797,600 Quarters in 1940, and they all had the D Mint Mark. It was the lowest mintage of the lot, so Denver Quarters from 1940 cost slighter more than coins from the other two mints. The auction record is $17,500 for an MS 68 in September 2022, but they’re typically $3,150 in MS 67+. An MS 68 sold for $4,080 back in April 2008 though.

1940-S Quarter Value

1940-S Quarter Value

In 1940, the San Francisco Mint made 8,244,000 Quarters with the S Mint Mark. In March 2021, a 1940-S Quarter in MS 68 set a sales record of $10,200. And this one seems to be appreciating. PCGS has graded two samples so far and places their value at $13,000. The coins haven’t sold, so it’s just an estimate. An April 2022 sale only netted $2,070 for MS 68.

1940 (P) Proof Quarter Value

In the years when the mint didn’t produce proof coins, they’d either make Special Mint Sets (SMS) or Uncirculated Mint Sets. All these coins were as shiny as proofs, but they’re made in different ways. SMS coins are stuck on normal planchets that aren’t pre-polished like proofs.

But they still use polished fields, and the frosted effect can either come from acid pickling (pre-1970) or computerized lasers (post-1971). SMS coins are only struck once but at higher pressure. As for Uncirculated Sets, they get a satin finish instead of a mirrored field finish.

In 1940, the Philadelphia Mint made 11,246 Proof Quarters using the standard acid pickling technique. The current auction record for a 1940 (P) Proof Quarter in PR 68 is $8,625. That was in September 2008. But the PCGS estimate for an MS 68+ in 2022 is set at $15,000.

Here’s a spot of trivia for you. From 1937 to 1964, the die used for proof coins and business strikes had a slight variation. Circulating coins had very little space between the E and S in United States while on proof coins, the E and S were sufficiently spaced. 1940 is one of these.

 

1940 Quarter Errors

As we’ve seen so far, the 1940 Quarter Value does seem to be rising, especially in high grades. But error coins can be worth even more than flawless ones, depending on the error. The most common ones are doubling or tripling errors at various stages. Think of a coin press like a rubber stamp, except it’s made of steel and stamped in three phases – hub, die, and planchet.

A prototype is reduced to make the master hub, which makes a master die, then a working hub, then working dies, which eventually strike planchets to make coins. And if the target metal shifts, strays, or wobbles at any step, the next strike will hit slightly out of place. This causes mint mistakes like DDOs, TDRs, RPMs, etc. Let’s look at some of the common ones.

1940-D Quarter DDO

1940-D Quarter DDO

Image: pcgs

DDO means doubled-die error. It happens while the die is being formed by the hub, which takes multiple strikes. If the die changes its position, the next strike may land at a different spot and cause doubling or tripling on every coin minted with that die. These mistakes are clearest on the motto In God We Trust. They’re worth $200 in MS 63 and $800 in MS 65.

1940-D Quarter D/D RPM

RPM means re-punched mint mark. It’s a doubling or tripling error that happens when the hand-punch shifts as it’s placing the second or third mint mark. And it’s written as D/D or S/S, which means D over D or S over S. In this example, the earlier D is quite far from the first one and is fairly faded. It’s worth $125 in AU 55, $200 in MS 63, and $400 in MS 65.

 

FAQs About the 1940 Quarter

Are Quarters from 1940 Worth Anything?

In MS 65, 1940 Quarters are worth $70 to $100, while a 1940-D Quarter can get to $350 due to its low mintage volumes. A Proof Quarter from 1940 is about $200 in PR or PF 65. But if you can get a 1940 Quarter in MS 68 or higher, you’re within the $8,000 to $18,000 range.